Figure 1 revised


In 2015, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) awarded me a VIDI-grant (€ 800,000) to study the spatial dimension of agglomeration advantages and agglomeration costs.

The overarching aim of the project is to challenge and recast the geographical foundations of agglomeration theory, focusing on urbanisation economies.

PLEEC - Planning for Energy Efficient Cities

Holistic knowledge about energy efficiency potentials in cities is far from complete. Currently, a variety of individual strategies and approaches by different stakeholders tackling separate key aspects hinders strategic energy efficiency planning.

For this reason, the PLEEC project – "Planning for Energy Efficient Cities" – funded by the EU Seventh Framework Programme uses an integrative approach to achieve the sustainable, energy–efficient, smart city. 18 partners from 13 European countries are collaborating to make European cities energy smart. By coordinating strategies and combining best practices, PLEEC will develop a general model for energy efficiency and sustainable city planning.